U.S. Chemical Industry Investment Linked To Shale Gas Reaches USD 200 Billion
The American Chemistry Council (ACC) has announced that U.S. chemical and plastics industry investment linked to plentiful and affordable domestic supplies of natural gas and natural gas liquids (NGLs) from shale formations has surpassed USD 200 billion. Since 2010, 333 chemical industry projects cumulatively valued at USD 202.4 billion have been announced, with 53 percent of the investment completed or under construction and 41 percent in the planning phase. Fully 68 percent of the total is foreign direct investment or includes a foreign partner. Project types include new facilities and capacity expansions.

"This is an exciting milestone for American chemistry and further evidence that shale gas is a powerful engine of manufacturing growth," said ACC President and CEO Cal Dooley. "The U.S. remains the most attractive place in the world to invest in chemical manufacturing. We look forward to continuing to transform energy into a stronger economy and new jobs."

ACC analysis shows that USD 202.4 billion in capital spending could lead to USD292 billion per year in new chemical and plastics industry output and support 786,000 jobs across the economy by 2025.

These include 79,000 chemical industry jobs, 352,000 jobs in supplier industries, and 355,000 jobs in communities where workers spend their wages. Additional, temporary jobs are created during the capital investment phase. Robust supplies of NGLs, especially ethane, are key to the U.S. chemical industry's competitiveness. NGLs are the main feedstock for basic petrochemicals and plastics in the United States, while companies overseas mostly use naphtha, which is oil-based. Since feedstock comprises about 75 percent of the cost of ethylene production, lower prices favour U.S. chemical makers in global markets.

A note of caution is in order. U.S. manufacturers often rely on inputs that are not available or made in the U.S. to create products that cost less, yet perform at the high level our downstream customers have come to expect from us. Protectionist trade policies such as tariffs and quotas unnecessarily raise the costs of those inputs, deter innovation and economic growth, and could ultimately weaken our country's competitive advantage.

Today's announcement provides another update to ACC's first report, "Shale Gas, Competitiveness, and New U.S. Chemical Industry Investment- An Analysis of Announced Projects." Released in May 2013, the report analyzed 97 chemical and plastics industry projects totaling USD72 billion in potential investment that had been announced as of March 2013. As new projects are announced, we update our tally of announced projects and cumulative investment.

ACC analysis employs the IMPLAN input-output methodology, an economic model that quantifies interdependencies among industries or economic sectors. IMPLAN is used by government agencies including the Army Corp of Engineers, U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and over 20 others, and by over 250 colleges and universities, local governments, non -profits, consulting companies, and other private sector companies.